Home > Head & Hair Hygiene > Dealing with Dandruff

Dealing with Dandruff

By: Jo Johnson - Updated: 21 Nov 2015 | comments*Discuss
 
Dandruff Fungus Causes Treatment

Dandruff is a disorder of the scalp that causes itching and flaking of the skin and can affect the confidence and self-esteem of the sufferer.

The largest organ of the human body, the skin, is designed to slough-off the dead cells as new ones are produced. In many people there seems to be an increase in the amount of dead skin shed during this process. Dandruff can affect anyone of any age, race or culture and can vary in severity. It can present as large amounts of very small particles, to extremely large flakes, in both dry and greasy hair, and tends to be worse in the winter months.

Causes of Dandruff

Most experts agree that dandruff is the excessive production of a type of fungus called Pityrosporum ovale which lives normally on our skin all of the time. What cannot be agreed upon is the cause for this over production. Theories range from the use of hair products, hormonal imbalances, dietary influences or from stress.

Treatments for Dandruff

The most obvious and easiest treatment for dandruff would be to change the shampoo and conditioners used and to limit or discontinue the use of styling products. Select products that are specially designed for the treatment of dandruff and use the same product continually; changing the product will prevent the full benefit of the anti-dandruff lotions from functioning as these sometimes take up to three weeks to take effect.

In severe cases, experts may recommend the use of solutions that contain zinc pyritheone or selenium sulphide. Both of these ointments contain active ingredients aimed at combating dandruff and are not harmful to the skin.

If you are worried about dandruff, seek advice from a skin specialist who will be able to advise you on whether a specialised lotion is required.

If there are any additional symptoms such as soreness or crusting of the scalp, this may indicate a different disorder such as ringworm or psoriasis which both need treating in a separate manner.

Dandruff may be less obvious if dark coloured clothing is avoided on the upper half of the body as the flakes that fall won’t be so noticeable.

It may also be beneficial to towel dry hair using a blotting technique as vigorous rubbing may cause the scalp to shed more.

Preventing Dandruff

As the cause of dandruff is not entirely known, it is difficult to pinpoint exactly how to avoid it. Many experts suggest that by gently massaging the scalp, aiding in increasing the blood circulation, instead of scratching it will help to prevent the skin being disrupted.

Limiting the use of hair products will also help to reduce the likelihood of flakes as many people find that certain hairsprays or gels dry over time and can appear as dandruff when the effects are wearing out.

It is thought a diet with sufficient vitamin B6 will help to prevent the scalp from sloughing-off dead skin cells, if you think you may be lacking in this substance, a supplement can be taken.

The incidence of dandruff is not related to poor personal hygiene as such, although there may be evidence to suggest that it is slightly more common in those with greasy hair than dry. Greasy hair is not only a side-effect of infrequent washing; it is a hair type so may be unavoidable.

Apart from those with no hair, nobody can guarantee that they will never be affected by dandruff and the solution seems to be finding a product that helps to reduce the appearance of flakes.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • Jess
    Re: Caring for Baby Dry Scalp
    @America Quiroz - You should really visit your GP, if this does not clear up in a day or so!
    3 August 2017
  • America Quiroz
    Re: Caring for Baby Dry Scalp
    My baby has cradle cap and I think he may have a score patch due to the fact that my boyfriend was picking off some of the dry flakes…
    2 August 2017
  • Lady
    Re: The Benefits of Exfoliation
    I am writing this e-mail to ask whether it is ok to reference information from your website on my blog?
    19 July 2017
  • HygieneExpert
    Re: The Importance of Good Personal Hygiene
    MAVITEL - Your Question:Us Webrite Realy Help me.TnxOur Response:We are pleased the information
    18 July 2017
  • MAVITEL
    Re: The Importance of Good Personal Hygiene
    Us Webrite Realy Help me...Tnx
    17 July 2017
  • wendles
    Re: Personal Hygiene and Food Preparation
    I have a interview tues 18 th july and ive got a feeling i will have a test it is for domestic and catering assistant…
    16 July 2017
  • Betty
    Re: What is Personal Hygiene?
    Thanks for the great advice i am using for a presentation i have to do i will surely add your website to my slide so people can see…
    29 June 2017
  • juhi
    Re: What is Personal Hygiene?
    A hygiene maintain by people by bathing ,brushing, combing and etc is called personal hygiene..
    18 June 2017
  • holistic_lady
    Re: Ear Candle Therapy
    Have you ever burned a candle left in a cup? You get exactly the same gunk develop in the candle when you cut into it! I too believed that…
    17 June 2017
  • Caz
    Re: How to Treat Folliculitis
    Hi my husband has folliculitis on his scalp he is on antibiotics for a period of 3 months to get shut of them. But we were just…
    13 June 2017
Further Reading...
Our Most Popular...
Add to my Yahoo!
Add to Google
Stumble this
Add to Twitter
Add To Facebook
RSS feed
You should seek independent professional advice before acting upon any information on the HygieneExpert website. Please read our Disclaimer.